文章摘要
引用本文:
含氟茂铁吡唑类衍生物的合成及燃速催化性能的研究
Synthesis and Burning-Rate Catalysis Performance of Fluorine-containing Ferrocenyl Pyrazolines
投稿时间:2017-06-19  修订日期:2017-09-14
DOI:
中文关键词: 二茂铁  吡唑啉  含氟基团  高氯酸铵  燃速催化
英文关键词: ferrocenyl  pyrazoline  fluorine-containing groups  ammonium perchlorate  burning-rate catalysis
基金项目:福建省科技厅产学研重点项目(G2015H6010);福州大学2016年大学生创新创业训练计划项目(201610386008)
作者单位E-mail
袁耀锋 福州大学化学学院 福州 yaofeng_yuan@fzu.edu.cn 
杨思涵 福州大学化学学院 福州  
王吉成 福州大学化学学院 福州  
林芬 福州大学测试中心 福州  
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中文摘要:
      以乙酰基二茂铁和取代苯甲醛为原料,利用羟醛缩合反应制备了3种单二茂铁基的α,β-不饱和酮(1a~1c)。然后将其与水合肼缩合成环合成吡唑啉(2a~2c),再与相应酰氯反应,引入具备强吸电子能力的含氟基团,合成了5种3-二茂铁基-5-芳基-1-苯甲酰基吡唑啉(3a~3e),并运用IR、MS、1H NMR、19F NMR、13C NMR及HRMS对化合物结构进行了表征。运用循环伏安法(CV)和差示脉冲伏安法(DPV)两种电化学手段探讨了化合物3a~3e的氧化还原过程,利用热重分析(TG)、差热分析(DSC)两种热分析手段深入研究了化合物3a~3e对AP的燃速催化性能。电化学测试结果表明,化合物3a~3e均只含有一组氧化还原峰, 归属于分子中茂环Fc/Fc+的氧化还原过程,且电极反应动力学基本受扩散控制。热分析结果表明,化合物3a~3e均对高氯酸铵(AP)有优良的燃速催化效果,将原来的分解温度从450 ℃提前到300 ℃左右。
英文摘要:
      Three ferrocenyl chalcones (1a-1c) were synthesized by the aldol condensation reaction of acetylferrocene with substituted benzaldehyde. Then hydrazine hydrate was condensated with them to construct three kinds of pyrazolines (2a-2c). Finally, 2a-2c were acylated with corresponding benzoyl chlorides to obtain five novel 3-ferrocenyl-5-phenyl-1-benzoylpyrazolines (3a-3e). These compounds were structurally characterized by IR, MS, 1H NMR, 19F NMR, 13C NMR, HRMS. Electrochemical properties of these compounds were studied by CV and DPV. Thermal behavior and catalytic performance for thermal decomposition of AP were studied by TG and DSC. The results indicated that synthetic molecules all have efficient catalytic effect on the thermal decomposition of AP. What’s more, when electron withdrawing group of fluorine was brought in, the polarity increased and the burning-rate catalysis performance slightly weakened.
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